The last two decades have seen a proliferation of civil wars and bloody conflicts that have spilled over the borders of nation-states in most regions of the world. The origins of these conflicts, their impacts and consequences are varied and complex. Each requires specific investigations in its particular context. However, there are some similarities in their impacts and consequences that when examined can assist us in thinking about possible alternative agendas for development that combine with strategies for political reconciliation. The following reflections are concerned with addressing these issues and should be seen as a work-in-progress to stimulate some debate towards new development strategies.